For some people, it’s a natural occurrence to have droopy eyelids. However, it may also be caused by eye problems or certain conditions. These conditions could include ptosis, which is when the upper lid is drooping.
There are many reasons why patients can develop droopy eyelids.
It shouldn’t be ignored, because it may lead to more serious matters which can cause your vision to deteriorate. Droopy eyelids can affect adults or children and it can create emotional, as well as social complications.
Reasons and causes for developing droopy eyelids and eyes
Here are some of the reasons why you might develop droopy eyelids:
Aging is a very common reason for developing droopy eyelids. Because of the wrinkles in your skin, the eyes’ Levator muscle will stretch. Although it can also be affected due to some fatty deposits under your skin that will cause saggy eyelids. This can portrait the appearance of sadness and tiredness, which is also known as weepy eyes.
Droopy eyes due to congenital problems
This can happen with newborn babies where the Levator eye muscle didn’t develop fully, which needs to lift their upper eyelids. It’s associated with squinting, crossed eyes, misalignment, or strabismus, and if it’s not treated it may lead to amblyopia or astigmatism. In certain cases, surgery might be recommended.
Disorders of the nerve
Brain and cranial nerve injuries can be the cause of ptosis, which will affect the nerve supplies that go to the eyelid and eye muscles. Other conditions such as long-term diabetes, aneurysm, strokes and brain tumors, might also be the cause.
Homer Syndrome is a disorder that is not very common, but it can damage your sympathetic nerves, which controls perspiration and circulation supplies to your eyes and face.
Although general symptoms that are very common will only develop on one of the sides, they affect anhidrosis, ptosis, or a constricted pupil of the eye. The syndrome can develop due to an injury of the spinal cord, a tumor or a stroke.
Oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy, a disease of the muscles that is inherited, will restrict movement of your eye, and cause swollen eyes.
External ophthalmoplegia is another progressive disease of the muscles that usually appear among young adults, and it can cause bilateral ptosis. It can be associated with problems that will affect eye movement, and also symptoms of certain conditions of the eye muscles.
A disease that is not very common is Myasthenia gravis. This is where you will experience voluntary weakness of the muscles in exhaustion, because of problems with communication between the muscles and nerves. Symptoms might increase through repeated usage of the muscles and there is no cure for this disease, but medication can reduce the symptoms.
Injury to the eye
Trauma caused to your eye due to injuries such as an accident or assault will commonly cause ptosis. The oculomotor nerve is supplying movement to your Levator muscles, and if it got injured, it also will be the cause of droopy eyelids.
This disease is related to connective tissues, where the upper and lower eyelid skin loses its elasticity and hangs down in the folds, with an appearance of droopy eyelids.
It’s normally associated with issues of aging, and genetic predispositions. Certain conditions, such as skin disorders, chronic renal diseases, thyroid disease or injuries to surrounding tissues of the eye, can also be the cause of droopy eyelids.
Other common eye problems
Some of the following reasons can also be the cause of droopy eyelids:
If you are smoking,
Certain hereditary factors,
With poor nutrition,
In the case of alcohol abuse,
When you develop a tumor of the eyelid or eye socket.
Lifestyle, systemic conditions or any induced causes.
Due to overexposure of the sun.
Fluid retention and allergies, without the presence of angioedema or the risk of causing ptosis.
Inflammation or infection of surrounding tissues and the eyelid.
Long-term diabetes condition will affect nerves of the eyelids and eyes, causing ptosis.
Lack of sleep, fatigue, and eye strain may cause baggy eyelids and eyes appearing like droopy eyelids and eyes.
Previous surgery to the eye, especially after a cataract surgery, complications may cause ptosis.