For some people, it’s a natural occurrence to have droopy eyelids. However, it may also be caused by eye problems or certain conditions. These conditions could include ptosis, which is when the upper lid is drooping.
There are many reasons why patients can develop droopy eyelids.
It shouldn’t be ignored, because it may lead to more serious matters which can cause your vision to deteriorate. Droopy eyelids can affect adults or children and it can create emotional, as well as social complications.
Reasons and causes for developing droopy eyelids and eyes
Here are some of the reasons why you might develop droopy eyelids:
Aging is a very common reason for developing droopy eyelids. Because of the wrinkles in your skin, the eyes’ Levator muscle will stretch. Although it can also be affected due to some fatty deposits under your skin that will cause saggy eyelids. This can portrait the appearance of sadness and tiredness, which is also known as weepy eyes.
Droopy eyes due to congenital problems
This can happen with newborn babies where the Levator eye muscle didn’t develop fully, which needs to lift their upper eyelids. It’s associated with squinting, crossed eyes, misalignment, or strabismus, and if it’s not treated it may lead to amblyopia or astigmatism. In certain cases, surgery might be recommended.
Disorders of the nerve
Brain and cranial nerve injuries can be the cause of ptosis, which will affect the nerve supplies that go to the eyelid and eye muscles. Other conditions such as long-term diabetes, aneurysm, strokes and brain tumors, might also be the cause.
Homer Syndrome is a disorder that is not very common, but it can damage your sympathetic nerves, which controls perspiration and circulation supplies to your eyes and face.
Although general symptoms that are very common will only develop on one of the sides, they affect anhidrosis, ptosis, or a constricted pupil of the eye. The syndrome can develop due to an injury of the spinal cord, a tumor or a stroke.
Oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy, a disease of the muscles that is inherited, will restrict movement of your eye, and cause swollen eyes.
External ophthalmoplegia is another progressive disease of the muscles that usually appear among young adults, and it can cause bilateral ptosis. It can be associated with problems that will affect eye movement, and also symptoms of certain conditions of the eye muscles.
A disease that is not very common is Myasthenia gravis. This is where you will experience voluntary weakness of the muscles in exhaustion, because of problems with communication between the muscles and nerves. Symptoms might increase through repeated usage of the muscles and there is no cure for this disease, but medication can reduce the symptoms.
Injury to the eye
Trauma caused to your eye due to injuries such as an accident or assault will commonly cause ptosis. The oculomotor nerve is supplying movement to your Levator muscles, and if it got injured, it also will be the cause of droopy eyelids.
This disease is related to connective tissues, where the upper and lower eyelid skin loses its elasticity and hangs down in the folds, with an appearance of droopy eyelids.
It’s normally associated with issues of aging, and genetic predispositions. Certain conditions, such as skin disorders, chronic renal diseases, thyroid disease or injuries to surrounding tissues of the eye, can also be the cause of droopy eyelids.
Other common eye problems
Some of the following reasons can also be the cause of droopy eyelids:
If you are smoking,
Certain hereditary factors,
With poor nutrition,
In the case of alcohol abuse,
When you develop a tumor of the eyelid or eye socket.
Lifestyle, systemic conditions or any induced causes.
Due to overexposure of the sun.
Fluid retention and allergies, without the presence of angioedema or the risk of causing ptosis.
Inflammation or infection of surrounding tissues and the eyelid.
Long-term diabetes condition will affect nerves of the eyelids and eyes, causing ptosis.
Lack of sleep, fatigue, and eye strain may cause baggy eyelids and eyes appearing like droopy eyelids and eyes.
Previous surgery to the eye, especially after a cataract surgery, complications may cause ptosis.
When your shoulder is sore for weeks on end and you have trouble stretching and moving it. This condition is called frozen shoulders.
This happens when the inflammation increases in the shoulder area. This condition occurs in situations where you are recovering from an injury. Frozen shoulder can also occur when you are wearing a cast or a slit and the shoulder becomes frozen in that position.
There is a lot of other reason you might have frozen shoulders for example from arthritis. It has been proven that 2 to 5 percent of adults in the world suffer from frozen shoulders.
A lot of frozen shoulders comes with the process of experiencing joint or muscle pain, which may lead to many weeks of stiffness. If a frozen shoulder is not treated it is possible that it may lead up to years of suffering.
The longer you sit with your frozen shoulder the less you will be able to do, and in the long run, it will make the frozen shoulder worse. If you are an older person and you have other problems in addition to frozen shoulder it can lead to a worse case of inflammation.
Symptoms of Frozen Shoulders
Here are some treatments that will help with frozen shoulderStretching and keeping your shoulder warm.
When your shoulder is frozen you are going to have to get it loose by stretching, but before you stretch you must make sure that your shoulder is warmed up properly. If not, you can injure it more. The key to healing a frozen shoulder is patience. Healing a frozen shoulder can take a few months. It can’t be done overnight.
You must make sure that when you are stretching not to take it too far.
Only stretch till where you can. A warm bath or shower afterward will be a good idea. You must make sure that you also that your shoulder gets enough rest in after your stretching.
Some exercises to help improve shoulder movementsPendulum Stretch.
Do this stretch once every day! You stand when doing this stretch and make sure to relax your arm. Let the hang freely. You can then start swinging your arm in a circle movement. You can do about 10 in each direction until your arm feels stronger and the pain from frozen shoulder subdues.
For this stretch, you will need a small towel at least 3 feet long. Take one side of the towel in your hand and raise the towel lowering the other end behind your back. Now grab a hold of the other end of the towel with your other hand and start pulling the arm in the opposite directions. Do this about 10 to 20 times a day.
Stand with your face facing the wall with your fingertips at waist level. You must keep your arms slightly bent, walking with your fingers up the wall trying to length your arms as far up as you can. Start this from the bottom of the wall working upwards and do it 10 to 20 times in a day.
However, if you feel the pain is too much do not push yourself. It is always best to first consult a pain management specialist.
If you would like to refresh your appearance but don’t wish to go under the knife, then one option is to use cosmetic injectable. This includes Botox injections and dermal fillers. When applied properly, both these procedures are very safe and provided you visit a reputable physician for this treatment. You should end up with results that look and feel very natural.
Botox Injections and When to Use Them
Botox is a substance that has been used by the medical profession for more than 50 years purely for medical purposes. In 2002 its use was approved for helping to treat fine lines and wrinkles that include frown lines and crow’s feet.
It tends to work best for wrinkles that have only developed just recently and which aren’t really very deep-seated. You may wish to investigate the use of this treatment if you have recently noticed the first signs of aging and would prefer to delay this process!
One common fear amongst people considering this treatment for the very first time is that they will not be able to express emotions. They also fear they will end up with a face that is completely frozen.
An experienced doctor will make sure this doesn’t happen and most prefer to use only minimal amounts of Botox to achieve the desired results. By carefully injecting it into just the right locations, a good cosmetic doctor can make sure that the correct facial muscles are relaxed.
However, these facial muscles won’t be paralyzed and you should still be able to show emotion. You will look as if you’ve had a particularly good vacation and are well rested. Getting rid of frown lines can also make you look less stressed. Botox is administered using very fine needles so any discomfort should be minor.
Afterward, you may see some slight reddening around the injection sites but this should soon disappear. It can take a week or so for the full effects of Botox to materialize.
Not Just for the Face
In addition to treating fine lines, Botox can be very successful in treating chronic headaches and migraines. Relaxing the muscles around the temples can provide a good solution for this often very debilitating problem. Treatment has been approved for this purpose since 2010. Botox is also good for people who sweat excessively. Its treatment has been approved for this purpose since 2004, so these treatments are tried and tested.
Dermal Fillers and When to Use Them
Dermal fillers can be an excellent way to treat deep-seated lines. Thus, creating a more youthful appearance to your facial features and restoring the plumpness associated with youth. These fillers contain a substance called hyaluronic acid. This is a substance that is naturally produced by the body but production slows down with age.
Hyaluronic acid helps to retain moisture within the skin, creating that plump youthful appearance that is so desirable. Dermal fillers replace lost volume and the results are just about immediate. Treatment is given through injections and can last several months or more but it isn’t permanent. You might wish to consider dermal fillers if you have lines from your nose to your mouth or from your mouth to your chin.
They can also be used in conjunction with Botox to treat frown lines and dermal fillers can help add definition to your cheekbones and to your lips. If the veins in your hands have begun to look quite prominent, dermal fillers might be suitable to help reduce this appearance.
How Do I Know Which Treatments Will Work Best for Me?
When you visit your physician to find out about these kinds of treatments they will be able to carefully examine your skin. They will talk to you about which lines you’d particularly like to see diminished. The treatments prescribed will depend on your age and your aims, but may include a combination of dermal fillers and Botox. The idea will be to use as little product as possible to achieve maximum effect while still creating an appearance that looks very natural.
Your physician can also talk to you about possible side effects of treatment. They can advise you on how long the effects will last before it needs to be topped up. One thing to make sure of before you have this treatment is that it will be carried out by a physician fully qualified and experienced in using these products.
Among the various symptoms of PCOS, acne and oily skin can present a real problem. PCOS is a condition that causes abnormal growths in the ovaries in the forms of cysts, thereby disrupting a woman’s menstrual cycle.
PCOS is also a common cause of infertility in women, presenting a real problem when trying to conceive. When it comes to acne, this is a common symptom among affected women, and it is important to learn the relationship between the two.
What is Acne?
Acne is a trapped skin pore due to excessive oil, skin cells or bacteria. They usually occur in the face, even though any part of the human body can get full of acne. Acne often occurs in the neck, chest or on a human’s back.
Different types of acne can develop, such as:
• Blackheads – in dermatology are classified as comedones. Blackheads develop when oil and bacteria trapped within the pores rise to the top of them. The skin pores are only partially blocked. As these pores are open, the oil and bacteria are in contact with the air and skin melanin, from where they get their black color.
• Whiteheads – develop in the skin when the oil, sebum, bacteria or dead skin cells completely block the skin pores.
• Papules – are just the same as whiteheads, but only more painful due to the fact that they are inflamed. They often tend to be red, with a white or yellow head, small or medium in size.
• Pustules – are just the same as papules, only that due to the inflammation of the skin pore, pus is collected. They are usually larger in size and have a yellowish color due to the collection of pus.
• Nodules and cysts – are a severe form of acne. They are red, inflamed and large in size, lasting for weeks and sometimes even months. Nodules and cysts can cause severe and permanent damage to the skin including acne scars or skin discolorations if they are not treated on time.
The relationship between acne and PCOS
Women with PCOS will often have acne, particularly on the lower third of the face. This leads doctors to believe that the cause of the acne is due to a hormonal imbalance since the lower third of the face is more sensitive to hormones. For example, this is the area where beards grow in men, which is stimulated by hormones. The rest of the face is not as sensitive to hormones.
Although we don’t know exactly what causes PCOS, it is widely believed that the condition develops from an insulin resistance. Since insulin is responsible for triggering other hormones in the body, in this case, androgens, PCOS causes a hormonal imbalance. This imbalance is what causes acne to develop thereafter.
Differences in acne caused by PCOS
The first sign that acne may be a result of PCOS is the age of the woman. We all develop acne during adolescence, but if they continue to persist past the age of 25, then its possible PCOS may be involved. The acne will also flare up in the days leading up to the menstrual period more than the weeks before.
This symptom indicates a hormonal cause, and this also signals PCOS as the cause of the acne. Acne due to PCOS will also present differently, with more tender knots beneath the skin rather than the usual surface bumps. These knots may also cause skin lesions, which would set the symptoms apart from regular acne.
Women with PCOS will also often have diabetes since they are both conditions arising from insulin problems. To be clear, not all acne experienced by diabetic women means that it is caused by PCOS. It is worth checking out in case the woman had never been diagnosed with this condition in the past.
Management and treatment of acne caused by PCOS
For acne caused by PCOS, using regular face creams and gels will not be very effective as it would be treating the symptom. To treat the cause of the symptoms, you will need to address the hormonal imbalance, and this requires hormone therapy. The simplest and effective hormone replacement therapy can be done through the use of birth control pills.
These pills will have estrogen and progesterone hormones, which will help to substitute the decreased levels of these hormones in the body. For this therapy to work, it may take up to 3 months before the acne goes away, and even 6 months in some women. The alternative is spironolactone, which blocks the production of testosterone hormone thereby reducing the symptoms of PCOS including acne.
It is a much more effective treatment compared to birth control pills. It will often be recommended for women who may be at risk of undesirable side-effects from the birth control pills.
If your child is shortly due to get their braces removed then they probably can’t wait for this day to arrive. After months of treatment, they will get to see their newly straightened smile for the very first time. However, this isn’t the end of their orthodontic treatment as once braces are removed it will be necessary for your child to wear their retainers. These can be removable or fixed dental appliances.
Your Teeth Are Constantly on the Move
It’s easy to imagine that once teeth are straightened then they will stay firmly in place. In fact, if teeth have the ability to move for orthodontic treatment, then they can continue moving after it is finished. It might be hard to imagine, but your teeth are moving very slightly all the time. Whenever you bite down or chew, then this results in tiny tooth movements.
The reason why teeth are able to move is because they are attached to the jawbone by what are called periodontal ligaments. These ligaments are stretchy, allowing for very slight tooth movements. The bone surrounding teeth is called alveolar bone and it’s actually quite fragile. Bones are living tissues, and your alveolar bone is constantly renewing and reshaping itself in response to the forces it receives.
How Orthodontics Braces Help Remodel Your Periodontal Ligaments and Bone
Orthodontic treatment is planned to apply extremely precise and highly controlled forces to teeth. Moving them in the correct directions so they become straighter and more evenly spaced. These forces place pressure on the periodontal ligaments and on the bone surrounding teeth.
The ligaments begin to stretch and the bone will remodel itself. For example, bone cells on one side of the teeth will be absorbed due to the pressure. On the other side news bone cells will be created, so the shape of the jawbone will actually change slightly.
How Does a Retainer Help Prevent Tooth Movements?
It takes time for the periodontal ligaments to become accustomed to their new shape. If they aren’t fully remodeled then the ligaments can attempt to go back to their original shape and position. If this occurs, the teeth will be pulled out of their new positions, back into their original arrangement, undoing all the hard work of orthodontic treatment. This is called an orthodontic relapse, and the chances of this occurring are particularly high within the first few months after braces are removed.
At this point, the new bone surrounding teeth is relatively soft and it needs time to settle and harden. After the first few months the risk declines but it never completely goes away, which is why retainers are a necessary part of treatment. By wearing a retainer, your child can continue to enjoy all the benefits of orthodontic treatment as their retainer will hold the teeth in their new and improved alignment.
Quite often they may recommend a child has a non-removable or fixed retainer. This can initially come as a bit of a shock, as it’s easy to imagine this retainer will be highly visible and will require lots of maintenance just like a fixed brace. This isn’t the case, as a bonded retainer will consist of a very thin piece of wire that is firmly attached to the back or inside surfaces of their teeth.
The retainer is bonded in place with dental composite and can only be removed by your dentist. It cannot be seen whenever your child smiles, although they will be able to feel it with their tongue. Once they get used to it being there, it’s likely your child will forget about it.
One major advantage of having a fixed retainer is that compliance will never be an issue and it will not make any difference to the appearance of their teeth. One disadvantage of having a fixed retainer is daily oral hygiene, as it will be much more difficult for your child to floss properly when they have a bonded retainer.
There are many different types of removable retainers and quite often it may be possible to use what looks like a clear plastic tooth whitening tray. This fits tightly but comfortably over the teeth, preventing tooth movements. However, if your child has a removable retainer it’s vital they understand the importance of compliance.
With this type of retainer, it’s still highly possible that our orthodontist will recommend wearing it all the time, only removing it for eating and for brushing and flossing. After the first year or so they may only need to wear it at night and from then on more occasionally as the years pass by. Failure to wear a retainer as directed could well result in an orthodontic relapse.
So, at some point down the line, your child may need further orthodontic treatment to reposition their teeth. If your child is due to finish orthodontic treatment quite shortly, it’s best to get their orthodontist to sit down and explain all possible options and the disadvantages and advantages of each choice. This will hopefully allow your child to make an informed decision about their own treatment.
After all, they will be responsible for making sure they wear their retainer as recommended and that they brush and floss thoroughly. Even if they decide to go for a fixed retainer initially, they can always choose to have it removed at a later date and to continue keeping their teeth in place with a removable retainer. Any child who is about to begin orthodontic treatment shouldn’t be put off by the idea of wearing retainers after their braces are removed.
Retainers are really discreet and do an excellent job of holding teeth in the right positions. Orthodontics can do amazing things in helping to improve a child’s smile and retainers simply ensure they can enjoy the results for life. If you think your child might benefit from orthodontic treatment, it’s well worth booking a consultation with an orthodontic.
If our pediatric dentist thinks treatment may help, they can arrange for you to see our orthodontist. Even if your child is still pretty young, there may be quite a bit we can do as a kid may benefit from an early orthodontic evaluation as soon as age 6 or seven.
The muscles of the neck need to work properly in order for us to be able to move the head in all directions without a problem. If for any reason, the muscles of the neck are not working properly, a decreased range of motion of the neck occurs. This is commonly known as torticollis. Torticollis is a condition whereby the muscles of the neck become locked in an awkward position.
This causes the head to be cocked and locked to one side and the jaw to the opposite side. It then becomes painful to return the head to its original position, so the head is determined to stay in that position. The muscle being mainly affected is the sternocleidomastoid muscle. This muscle runs along the side and the back of the neck.
The condition is most common among children, but it can also develop in adults who showed no symptoms while in their childhood. This is torticollis in adults and is also referred to as cervical dystonia or spasmodic torticollis.
What are the causes of torticollis in adults?
The exact cause of torticollis in adults is not always known – sometimes, it can develop suddenly after an injury to the neck muscles or the nervous system, but this isn’t always the case. Most of the time, the signs and symptoms of this condition start to show during infancy and continue up until adulthood. For this reason, experts believe it may develop in the womb if the head of the fetus was awkwardly positioned.
In cases where torticollis develops in adulthood, yet, there were no symptoms during childhood, then the probable cause would be trauma to the neck area. Trauma to the neck muscles may cause inflammation, just like it would any other muscle in the body. However, if the condition persisted for weeks after the trauma event, then this might indicate damage to the nervous system. Thus, it may have caused torticollis to develop.
There have also been studies that have shown a genetic link in the development of torticollis. Patients affected by the condition are often related to others who also suffered from the same condition. Infections of the neck or head can cause torticollis too. As the infection spreads to the lymph nodes of the neck, the overlying muscles will get contracted.
Torticollis in adulthood can therefore occur due to an infection or abscess of the throat or upper airway. Sinus infections, mastoiditis, jaw infections, tooth infections or ear infections can similarly be the lead cause to torticollis.
Certain medications can cause torticollis. These medications are ketamine, amphetamines, cocaine, Haldol, Compazine, etc. Rarely, torticollis in adults is caused by a tumor of the neck, scar tissue, vascular problems or even arthritis.
Signs and symptoms of torticollis in adults
• The head tilts to one side while the chin tilts to the other. The individual has to maintain this awkward position because trying to move the head back causes pain
• The shoulders are not at equal levels, with one being raised over the other
• The neck muscles become swollen due to extensive straining which leads to inflammation
• The lymph nodes may also become infected, causing them to swell and become tender to the touch
• Headaches and head tremors due to maintaining this awkward position for extended periods of time
Treatment of torticollis in adults
Unfortunately, there is no cure for torticollis in adults or children, and individuals with the condition have to learn to live with it. If discovered early, simple management techniques such as stretching exercises, massage, and heat application can be practiced during physical therapy. Neck braces, too, may be recommended to help the strained muscles recover quickly from their locked position.
To address the pain associated with torticollis, various pain medications in the form of tablets and ointments may be prescribed. Muscle relaxants may also be used to help ease the tension of the neck muscles. Botox injections can also help to reduce the effect of torticollis by immobilizing the affected muscles.
You will need to have a Botox injection every 3 to 4 months, as the effect subsides gradually. In the worst cases where the individual experiences debilitating pain or recurrent episodes of torticollis, then surgery may be performed to fix the problem. The surgery may be done to either increase the length of the neck muscles or to interrupt nerves responsible for the condition.
As mentioned, torticollis has no cure. You will just need to learn how to live with it. Avoiding stress is important when it comes to torticollis. Stress, anxiety and nervousness will make your torticollis get worse. Heating packs can also be used and applied to the neck in order to relieve the muscle spasms and make the torticollis a little better.
In cases of an acute torticollis, in general, there is nothing to worry about. In most of the cases, the acute torticollis will go away within a few weeks. However, sometimes, it takes months or even years for torticollis and neck pain to go away.
Laser hair removal is the new big thing when it comes to getting unwanted hair removed from your body. At times it is just for cosmetic reasons, but there are cases where laser hair removal is completely necessary. Laser hair removal helps to get rid of all of that unwanted hair that you have without having to shave or wax any longer.
This procedure is generally done on the arms, legs, back, chest, bikini area, and sometimes the facial area. The process can take a few treatments before you begin to see results because every person is different.
Necessary Cases for Hair Removal
There are plenty of cases where laser hair removal is completely necessary. If you have excessive hair, it can sometimes get in the way of your day to day activities. Excessive hair can also be incredibly embarrassing to people. Just think of how you would feel being a teenage girl with a beard?
This kind of thing happens all of the time due to hormone imbalances, changes in the body during puberty, diabetes, some cancers, and thyroid issues. Once you have decided on getting necessary laser hair removal, there are plenty of things that you should know in order to better prepare yourself.
Getting Yourself Ready for Laser Hair Removal
Many people do not know all there is to know about laser hair removal. For instance, women who have severe hormone problems are less likely to have the results that they expect. There are also a few medications that can cause laser hair removal not to work. It is very important to talk to your doctor about this before you have the procedure done.
You will have to go to a consultation in order to be sure that it is completely necessary for you to have laser hair removal done. When you have your consultation, they will give you a test on your skin to be completely sure that you are a good candidate for this procedure. Another important thing to keep in mind about laser hair removal is keeping realistic expectations for the procedure.
Not only will you have to wait for quite some time before you can see the results but you may also have to undergo multiple sessions before you can actually see some results. So, the thing you would need is patience!
The heart is made up of four chambers, with the lower 2 chambers referred to as the ventricles and the upper two as the atria. The atria or the upper 2 chambers are responsible for receiving blood into the heart and directing it to the ventricles. It then pumps the blood out through the arteries to various parts of the body. Each half of the heart, divided vertically will, therefore, have one ventricle and one atrium.
When thinking about the heart, the left and right sides are named from a first-person perspective. This means that the right ventricle and atrium are the ones on my right - hand side. The right side of the heart is responsible for receiving deoxygenated blood. The right atrium receives blood first, directs it to the right ventricle which pumps the blood to the lungs.
When this blood returns from the lungs, it enters the left atrium to the left ventricle which then pumps blood to the entire body.
As you can already tell, the left ventricle does a lot more work than the right ventricle. The left-side pumps blood to the entire body and the right ventricle only pumps blood to the lungs. For this reason, the left ventricle not only consists of thicker muscles but also receives the most attention from doctors and cardiac diseases.
When is the right ventricle considered to have failed?
Nevertheless, the right ventricle can still experience failure, just like its left counterpart. The right ventricle is considered to be in failure if it does not perform its function properly. Normally, the right ventricle is smaller in volume compared to the left ventricle.
When the opposite is identified through an angiogram, this is considered as the right ventricular failure. It occurs when the right ventricle can’t pump up blood effectively to the lungs, so it becomes enlarged, and its muscles thicken to cover the deficit in pressure.
Causes of right ventricular failure
Pulmonary heart disease
This is a condition whereby the right ventricle becomes enlarged and its muscles thickened to adequately pump blood to the lungs. This is caused when there is increased pressure in the lungs that prevents blood from flowing smoothly through the lungs.
The increased pressure in the lungs could be due to a pulmonary disease like a lung disease, sarcoidosis, sickle cell anemia or blood clots in the lungs. To counter this increased pressure, the right ventricle has to become larger and its muscles thicker, to ensure that the blood is pumped at the required pressure.
Although heart failure often affects the left ventricle, its effects can reach the right ventricle too. When the left ventricle is unable to keep up with the right ventricle’s blood flow, it begins to cause increased pressure in the pulmonary vein. This subsequently causes increased pressure in the pulmonary artery and the right ventricle.
When blood stops flowing into the right ventricle, perhaps due to blood clots in the veins, the muscles of the right ventricle will be destroyed. That means they can’t function properly, thus, leading to a right ventricular failure.
Signs and symptoms of right ventricular failure
Common sign and symptoms of right ventricular failure include:
• Shortness of breath,
• Irregular heartbeat,
• Heart palpitation,
• Pronounced veins of the neck,
• Swelling of the feet and ankles,
• Frequent urination at night, etc.
How is right ventricular failure treated?
Heart failure requires constant monitoring and examinations from your health care provider. After developing heart failure, constant and repeated hospitalizations are necessary. The goal of the treatment is to control the signs and symptoms, reduce the heart’s workload and improve the heart’s ability to function normally. The treatment is also focused on maintaining and keeping under control any underlying disorder that has led to a right ventricular failure in the first place.
In cases of abnormal ECG and rhythm problems, a biventricular pacemaker is necessary. Other patients benefit from valve replacement surgeries or bypass surgeries. Medications commonly used for the treatment of right ventricular failure include diuretics, ACE inhibitors, ARBs, beta – blockers, digitalis, etc. In cases of severe heart failure, the only solution is a heart transplant.
Complications of right ventricular failure
Possible complications include:
• Abnormal heart rhythms, which can be even life – threatening,
• Repeated hospitalizations,
• Cardiac arrest,
• Sudden death.
Outlook for right ventricular failure
Heart failure is a serious medical condition which requires immediate medical help and hospitalization. There is no cure for heart failure. However, many forms of heart failure can be successfully maintained, kept under control with various medications.
If the underlying condition that has led to the right ventricular failure in the first place is kept under control, the heart failure will also be successfully maintained and under control.
Who doesn’t want their smile to look its best, especially as there is an ever increasing emphasis on having cosmetically perfect teeth? While this might be fine for celebrities and film stars with hefty bank balances, can it still be viable for ordinary mortals? The answer is definitely yes, and many people are pleasantly surprised at the affordability of cosmetic dental treatments.
Especially, as it can also benefit dental health. Of course, some treatments are more expensive, particularly if you wish to replace missing teeth with the very latest dental implants. Even with these procedures, it’s worth considering the potential benefits for your dental health.
So, what is cosmetic dentistry?
Explaining Cosmetic Dentistry
Cosmetic dentistry covers a wide variety of treatments that can help to improve the overall appearance of your teeth. One of the most well-known treatments is professional teeth whitening.
This is also one of the few treatments alongside porcelain veneers that is purely cosmetic. Furthermore, it will not have any benefit for your dental health.
Other treatments can help to preserve or protect your teeth, or can be used to straighten up badly misaligned teeth, or to replace them completely.
These include treatments to repair teeth damaged by trauma or decay. Methods include such as dental bonding, tooth colored fillings, as well as inlays and onlays. Other treatments offer more extensive protection for teeth and include full dental crowns.
Teeth that are missing completely can be replaced in a few different ways that include bridges and dental implants. Traditionally, bridges are supported by existing teeth but if these teeth are missing completely then dental implants is a good option.
Dental implant treatment can be extremely versatile, replacing single or multiple teeth and it can also be used to secure loose dentures. Some cosmetic dental treatment plans may also suggest using orthodontics to straighten badly misaligned or overcrowded teeth.
Some braces are cosmetically oriented, thus, they will only correct the position of your front teeth. However, others can correct the way your teeth bite together which can be advantageous for your dental health.
This is because teeth that are overlapping or too tightly packed in, or which do not bite together correctly can be tricky to keep clean and will wear down unevenly. By straightening them up, you could benefit from a nicer looking smile as well. Healthier teeth will also benefit you as you will be less at risk of developing tooth decay or gum disease.
Learning Which Treatments Could Help You
As you can see, there are numerous treatments which could be useful in helping to improve your smile. One thing you will need to decide is your budget. Sometimes it is possible to make considerable changes to the appearance of your teeth quite economically. For example, this might be the case if you have old and stained fillings, or old crowns, or bridges that could do with replacing.
Your chosen dentist will work within your budget to help improve the look of your teeth. Even, if it’s just using a simple tooth whitening treatment to lift the overall color. This is a highly cost-effective way to improve the overall appearance and the results can be pretty dramatic. The next thing to think about is how you’d like to improve your smile.
When you see your dentist, they will want to discuss this with you to discover the kind of improvements you’d most like to see. This will allow them to recommend the most suitable treatments to meet your desires. It’s worth spending just a few minutes thinking about this.
For example, some people may have a gap between their front teeth which is called a diastema and which they absolutely hate. For others this may be something they wish to keep, feeling it’s part of their personality.
Choosing Your Cosmetic Dentist
You will need to think about your choice of dentist. Ideally, it’s best to pick a dental office that can offer all the treatments you may need. Whose staff are sufficiently trained and experienced to carry out cosmetic dental work. Check their website for qualifications and reviews and it can be helpful to look at their smile gallery.
This will be a collection of photographs of work carried out in this dental office and it will give you a good idea as to what can be achieved before your visit. If you have friends or family that have recently had any cosmetic dentistry, it’s worth asking for recommendations. Just bear in mind that your dental needs could be different from theirs.
When you visit the dental office just take a moment to consider whether you feel comfortable receiving treatment.
It’s important to have confidence in your dental team, even if you only want to make relatively minor changes to the appearance of your teeth. After examining your mouth, your chosen dentist should be able to clearly explain all possible treatments to you so you can make a fully informed decision about your dental care. If you don’t understand something, be sure to ask.
Combining Cosmetic Dental Treatments
It’s quite possible, that even if your budget is low your cosmetic dentist may suggest using two or more treatments to help achieve the desired effects. This isn’t to try and put up the price, as it could save you money and is likely to be the most conservative way to improve your smile.
They will be looking for ways to preserve your natural teeth while improving your smile. For example, using teeth whitening in combination with veneers, or with orthodontics, instead of using multiple veneers to cover up all your front teeth.
This type of approach helps to preserve your teeth in a way that is healthy and conservative. Another thing to bear in mind is that cosmetic dental work is best carried out in a healthy mouth. So, if you have any dental problems these will need to be treated. This will help ensure that you can enjoy the results of your new smile for as long as possible.
Once your cosmetic dental work is completed, don’t forget to keep up with regular checkups and cleanings. This will help to keep your teeth strong, healthy and looking fantastic.
Heavy periods are the most common cause of abnormal bleeding from the uterus and this is a condition called menorrhagia. A period is considered to be heavy if a tampon or pad needs changing every hour for several consecutive hours.
Other signs that you are having a heavy period include passing large blood clots, having a period that lasts longer than seven days, or needing to get up during the night to change a pad or tampon.
In particularly severe cases of menorrhagia, sleep can be interrupted, as can daily activities. Heavy and prolonged blood loss can also increase the risk of developing anemia. This can cause additional symptoms such as breathlessness and fatigue.
So, what causes menorrhagia?
Possible Causes of Menorrhagia
Heavy periods can be due to a number of different things that include:
• Having to take blood thinners or certain other medications
• Having suffered a miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy
• Hormonal imbalances, particularly in progesterone and estrogens. This can occur in women approaching the menopause and in young girls who have only just begun to get their periods
• Fibroids, which can develop in the uterus and which typically occur during the childbearing years
• Polyps are small benign growths that develop on the lining of the uterus and which are a common cause of heavy menstrual bleeding
• Pelvic inflammatory disease is an infection of the uterus that affects the fallopian tubes and other organs within the reproductive system
• Adenomyosis is more likely to occur in middle age women who have had children. It develops when glands in the lining of the uterus become embedded in its muscular wall
• Cervical, uterine and ovarian cancer are rarer causes of menorrhagia
• Some medical conditions can cause heavy periods including thyroid, kidney or liver disease
• Sometimes IUD use can lead to heavy menstrual bleeding and when this is the case it may need to be removed
Heavy periods are often a common concern for premenopausal women. Most women will not experience the type of blood loss severe enough to be classified as menorrhagia. Women with this condition experience blood loss that is so heavy that they cannot carry on with normal everyday activities.
They will dread the arrival of their period. Women who are postmenopausal and who experience virginal bleeding should always seek the advice of their doctor or gynecologist.
What to Do If You Have Heavy Periods
If you have heavy periods or abnormal uterine bleeding, then it is important to see your gynecologist to find out the cause. Once this has been determined, they can provide suitable treatment. There are various different treatments that may be recommended. Hormonal imbalances can often be corrected through using hormonal therapy.
This will help to stabilize the lining of the uterus and regulate menstrual cycles. One possibility is to use an IUD that secretes hormones. There are various brands that can do this.
If you take blood thinners, there is a non-hormonal medication that can be prescribed that will help to promote blood clotting. Taking anti-inflammatory drugs can help to reduce pain and reduce the amount of blood loss.
Surgical Procedures to Help Heavy Periods
There are several surgical procedures that can be tried. One is to consider a hysterectomy where the uterus is removed, but this is obviously not suitable for women wishing for children. Also, a hysterectomy can be quite an extreme procedure.
For women who have completed their family or who don’t wish to have children, an alternative is to consider a procedure called endometrial ablation.
It is a minimally invasive procedure that is very safe. This can generally be carried out in an outpatient setting and takes just a few minutes to complete. It shouldn’t require a hospital stay and most women will be able to return to normal life the very next day. Other options include a D&C or dilation and curettage, where the cervix is dilated and the lining of the uterus is carefully scraped.
Yet, another treatment is to have a hysteroscopy. This is a procedure where a scope is inserted into the uterus through the cervix. Thus, allowing your gynecologist to evaluate the uterine lining and if necessary to remove any masses that may be causing bleeding.
If you suffer with heavy periods or vaginal bleeding, consult your gynecologist and see what can be done.